Rhythmus 21 by Hans Richter

Hans Richter (1888 – 1976) was a German painter, graphic artist, avant-gardist, film-experimenter and producer.

Throughout his career, he claimed that his 1921 film, Rhythmus 21, was the first abstract film ever created. This claim is not true: he was preceded by the Italian Futurists Bruno Corra and Arnaldo Ginna between 1911 and 1912 (as they report in the Futurist Manifesto of Cinema), as well as by fellow German artist Walter Ruttmann who produced Lichtspiel Opus 1 in 1920. Nevertheless, Richter’s film Rhythmus 21 is considered an important early abstract film.

hans richter rhythmus 21